Pre-Quiz: Ventricular Arrhythmias
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A 75-year-old man presents to the emergency department with palpitations. His medical history includes poorly controlled diabetes and hypertension though he reports being nonadherent to his medications. He is found to be obese, however, his physical exam is otherwise unremarkable. His vital signs are: temperature 98.0°F (36.7°C), blood pressure 122/78 mm Hg, pulse 130 beats/min, respirations 17 breaths/min, and oxygen saturation 98% on room air. An electrocardiogram (ECG) reveals a wide complex ventricular tachycardia (VT). Despite attempts at a vagal maneuver, his rhythm and symptoms persist. What is the most appropriate next step in the management of this patient?CorrectIncorrect
A 47-year-old male with a history of hypertension currently on amlodipine treatment, was brought to the emergency department after experiencing altered mental status and new onset palpitations. At presentation, his vital signs were: Blood Pressure (BP) 50/32 mm Hg, Heart Rate (HR) 161 beats/min, Respiratory Rate (RR) 21 breaths/min, and temperature of 38.9°C. His 12-lead ECG showed a wide complex tachycardia irregular rhythm and identified a prolonged QT interval suggestive of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, specifically Torsades de Pointes. Which of the following is the best initial acute management strategy for this patient?CorrectIncorrect
A 55-year-old woman with a past medical history of hypertension controlled with amlodipine is brought to the emergency department via EMS due to acute onset of shortness of breath, altered mental status, and palpitations ongoing for the last 2 hours. Despite her symptoms, she is hemodynamically stable with a BP of 110/62 mm Hg, HR of 165 bpm, RR of 26/min, an O2 saturation of 92% on room air, and temperature of 38.9°C. A 12-lead ECG reveals a wide complex tachycardia with a regular rhythm, the QRS complexes are monomorphic and there is no evidence of a prolonged QT interval. This is suggestive of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. Base upon her status and condition, what would be the most appropriate initial treatment?CorrectIncorrect
A 54-year-old man with a history of chronic kidney disease and poorly controlled diabetes mellitus is brought to the emergency room after a syncopal episode. His records indicate he was recently treated for a bacterial respiratory infection with an unspecified antibiotic. At present he is pale, diaphoretic with a weak, rapid pulse and an EKG displays the condition torsades de pointes. A baseline metabolic panel is pending. Which of the following antibiotic regimens could have precipitated his torsades de pointes?CorrectIncorrect
A 60-year-old female patient with a medical history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation visits the emergency department, complaining of tinnitus, headaches, visual disturbances, and severe diarrhea. As part of her current medication, she uses quinidine for her medical condition. During her examination, she unexpectedly faints. An ECG confirms the presence of multifocal ventricular tachycardia with a smooth modification in the QRS electrical axis. Which of the following medications is the probable cause behind the patient’s condition?CorrectIncorrect